Monday, February 9, 2009

Types of Bottled Water

First, "bottled water" or "drinking water" is water sealed in sanitary containers that meets all applicable federal and state standards. It cannot contain any chemical additives or sweeteners and must be calorie-free and sugar-free. However, various kinds of bottled water are commercially available. A quick look at the label tells you that bottled water may be drawn from either municipal water supplies or from protected natural sources such as springs and wells. According to the IBWA (International Bottled Water Association), about 75% of the bottled water sold in the US comes from natural sources. The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) defines different types of bottled water on the basis of (1) its water source and (2) its chemical composition at the time that it is drawn from the source.

Artesian Water/Artesian Well Water is water drawn from a confined aquifer where water under pressure rises above the water table.

Spring Water can be collected only at the spring or from a bore hole adjacent to the spring that taps the aquifer feeding the spring. The properties of the water drawn from the bore hole must be the same as that of the water in the spring.

Well Water derives from a hole bored or drilled that taps the water of an aquifer. This water must be pumped to the surface.

Purified Water is produced through distillation, deionization, reverse osmosis or some other water treatment process. This water originates as either tap water (i.e., from a municipal system) or groundwater. Depending upon the water treatment process used, other acceptable names include distilled water, purified drinking water, distilled drinking water and deionized water.

Mineral Water contains more than 250 ppm of total dissolved solids (FDA standard) which are present at the point of emergence from the source. No minerals can be added to this water nor can it be drawn from a municipal source. In Europe, any recognized spring water with minerals can be called mineral water.

Sparkling Water contains the same amount of carbon dioxide that it had when it was drawn from the source. Soda water, seltzer water and tonic are not considered bottled waters.

Click here see the rest of the article